Is Cannabis Legal in Mexico?

Cannabis is currently illegal in Mexico, but the government is in the process of changing the law. Here’s what you need to know about the current status of cannabis in Mexico.

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Mexico is in the process of reforming its cannabis laws. Currently, the possession and consumption of small amounts of cannabis is decriminalized in Mexico. However, the sale, cultivation, and transport of cannabis remains illegal.

The Mexican government has been working on a bill to legalize cannabis since 2018. In December 2018, the Senate approved a bill to legalize cannabis for medicinal purposes. The bill is currently being considered by the Mexican House of Representatives.

If the bill is passed, Mexico would become the third country in Latin America to legalize cannabis, after Uruguay and Colombia.

The History of Cannabis in Mexico

Cannabis was introduced to Mexico by the Spaniards in the 16th century and was used for rope, sails, and clothing. By the early 20th century, it had become a popular medicinal plant. In 1920, the Mexican government banned cannabis after it was linked to crime and addiction.

However, in 2018, Mexico’s new president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, signaled a shift in policy when he said that he would review the country’s cannabis laws. In October 2018, Mexico’s Senate approved a bill to legalize medical cannabis. The bill still needs to be approved by Mexico’s lower house of Congress before it becomes law.

Current Situation

As of May 2019, recreational cannabis is not legal in Mexico. However, the country does allow possession of up to 5 grams (0.18 ounces) of dried cannabis for personal use. Additionally, Mexican citizens are allowed to grow up to 20 plants for personal use. Medical cannabis is also legal in Mexico but only for patients with a doctor’s recommendation.

The current legal status of cannabis in Mexico is complicated. In 2009, the Supreme Court of Mexico issued a ruling that found that the personal use of cannabis was not a crime. However, the sale and transport of cannabis remains illegal.

In 2017, the Mexican Senate decriminalized the possession of up to 28 grams (one ounce) of cannabis for personal use and allowed for the legal cultivation of up to six plants per household. The Senate also approved a medical cannabis law that same year.

The implementation of these laws has been slow, and there has been little progress made on regulation or legalization since then. It is still technically possible to be arrested for possession or cultivation of small amounts of cannabis in Mexico, though it is unlikely.

The overall legal landscape is likely to change soon, as President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador has pledged to legalize cannabis by April 2020. It remains to be seen how this will play out in practice, but it seems likely that Mexico will eventually join a growing list of countries with legalized cannabis.


At this time, it is not legal to grow, buy, or use cannabis in Mexico. However, the country is in the process of changing its stance on cannabis, and it is possible that the laws will change in the near future. For now, anyone caught with cannabis in Mexico can be subject to fines and even jail time.

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